BABASSU OIL (Orbignya Oleifera)

USES AND BENEFITS :

Babassu coconut oil is similar to coconut oil in that both contain high levels of lauric acid (approx. 50% of its composition), which is why it balances the intestinal flora, thus protecting the intestine and preventing problems such as diarrhoea and constipation, and consequently stimulating the immune system. Nutritionists indicate the intake of 10 to 20 ml per day. It is a very stable oil at high temperatures and can be used for cooking and frying.

Babassu oil stands out among other oils due to its high saponification index, which makes it a very suitable option in soap making as a substitute for animal fats and for preparing creamy ointments.

It is widely used in the cosmetics industry in the composition of moisturizing products for both dry and oily skin because it is non-comedogenic, which means it does not clog pores. It is an excellent choice for treating atopic dermatitis and itchiness, and it helps to reduce redness and inflammation caused by acne or rosacea, insect bites, eczema, burns or irritated skin, aside from being highly recommended as a massage oil.

A study carried out by the Filipino Foundation for Research and Development of Coconut concluded that the addition of coconut oil (Cocos nucífera) in the diet of patients with the HIV virus can decrease the level of viral load in seropositive individuals. The same effect should be expected from babassu oil, whose constitution is very similar.

The application of Babassu Oil on hair will help treat split ends and damaged and brittle hair while restoring lost elasticity and making hair shiny. Babassu oil has acids that help prevent the scalp from becoming dry; for that reason, this oil works wonders for those who have a non-bacterial dandruff problem. The hair can be washed with a mixture of oil and shampoo or conditioner.

SPECIFICATIONS:

PRODUCT NAME: Babassu Oil

PRODUCT CODE: G007 – 5,0L / G008 – 10,0L

INCI LISTING: Orbignya Oleifera oil

MANUFACTURING METHOD: cold pressed

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Brazil

PACKING SIZES: 5 and 10 kg

CAS NUMBER #: 91078-32-1

EINCS NUMBER: 293-376-2

NCM 1513.21.20

PACK SIZES: 5,0 L – 10 ,0 L

SECONDARY PACKAGING: cardboard box with 2 x 5 L or 1 x 10 L

STORAGE: keep the container tightly closed, stored in a cool, ventilated place and protected from light.

EXPIRY DATE: under normal storage conditions, 24 months after manufacture.

CHEMICAL PHYSICAL DATA – BABASSU OIL
CHARACTERISTICS UNIT VALUES
Appearance (25 oC) liquid
Color yellow light
Odor characteristic
Acid value % weight 2,2
Peroxide value 10 meq 02/kg < 10,0
Iodine value g I2/kg 14 – 17
Saponification value Mg KOH/g 240 – 255
Unsaponifiable value % <1
Density 25 oC g/ml 0,904
Refractive index (40 oC)   1,445
Melting temp. oC 25

FATTY ACID COMPOSITION

Caprylic acid (C6:0) % weight 5,3 – 5,5
Capric acid (C8:0) % weight 5,5 – 5,9
Lauric acid (C12:0) % weight 43,0 – 47,0
Myristic acid (C14:0) % weight 15,0 – 18,0
Palmitic acid (C16:0) % weight 6,00 – 9,00
Stearic acid (C18:0) % weight 2,50 – 5,00
Oleic acid (C18:1 – Omega 9) % weight 12,0 – 16,0
Linoleic acid (C18:2 – Omega 6) % weight 1,00 – 3,00
Saturated % 85
Unsaturated % 15

BOTANICAL INFORMATION:

The babassu palm has its main occurrence area in the transition areas bordering the equatorial broadleaf forest. It is found in greater quantities in the states of Maranhão and Piauí, being considered a characteristic plant (along with the carnauba) of the vegetal formation Mata dos Cocais, a transition zone between the humid forests of the Amazon basin and the semi-arid lands of Northeast Brazil, in the so-called Mid-North. It can also be found in the states of Ceará, Pará, Mato Grosso and Tocantins.

Babassu is a sturdy palm tree with an isolated stem (trunk or stem) of up to 20 meters in height and 25 to 44 centimetres in diameter, with 7 to 22 leaves measuring from 4 to 8 meters in length. Its flowers are of separate sexes, with bulky floral branches; it can grow up to 6 clusters per plant or more, supported by a pendulum of 70 to 90 centimetres. Each cluster holds 240 to 720 fruits that weigh up to 90 to 240 grams. [6]

The flowering season occurs from January through April, coinciding with the rainy season, whereas the fruiting occurs from August through December. When ripe, the coconut falls to the ground. The fruit has an epicarp (outermost layer), a mesocarp (0.5 to 1.0 cm, rich in starch), an endocarp (hard, from 2 to 3 centimetres) and almonds (2 to 8 per fruit). [7]

The babassu palm requires between 10 and 12 years to start production, reaching productive maturity between 15 and 20 years with an average life of 35 years. It has three stages of growth. The first consists of pindobas, when the palm has up to three definitive leaves. The second, called palm heart, can be identified by the heart of palm, almost at ground level. In the third, the stem is already formed. [8]

The species can occur in isolation in forests or in open areas, being found more frequently in degraded areas where it is considered a pioneer and dominant species (forest with babassu dominance). In general, babassu has low density levels in primary vegetation. Its presence is associated with anthropized areas, when it colonizes old, deforested forest formations. [9] The palm tree is an extremely resistant plant to seed predators and, therefore, has a high rate of regeneration. These characteristics, added to the fires that eliminate its vegetable competitors, make it dominant over extensive regions, known as babassu forests. [10][10]

The is used traditionally in Brazil, being considered the world’s largest source of wild oil for domestic use and may also have industrial use. It is one of the main products of extractive origin in Brazil, contributing to the economy of some states, as well as to thousands of families; namely, to groups known as babassu coconut breakers. [9]

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SOURCE:

Wikipédia – 02/11/2020

6, 7, 8: «Boas Práticas de Manejo – Babaçu — Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento» (PDF). www.agricultura.gov.br. Consultado em 20 de janeiro de 2018.

9: [www.cpac.embrapa.br/download/523/t «Miriam Rodrigues da Silva1, Danielle Mitja2, Eder de Souza Martins 3, Osmar Abílio de Carvalho. Junior 4»].

10: «Ministério da Agricultura» (PDF).