ANDIROBA SEED OIL (Carapa guianensis)

USES AND BENEFITS :

Andiroba oil (Carapa guianensis) has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and anti-edematogenic activity. It is used in the treatment of psoriasis, dermatitis and rashes. It is recommended for the formulation of products such as soaps, moisturizers, shampoos, and conditioners because of its emollient, moisturizing and anti-cellulite characteristics. It is popularly used against dandruff, acne and pimples, and due to its high capacity to absorb into the skin, it is used in massages to relieve bruises, dislocations, arthritis, rheumatism and lighten superficial stains. It has a repellent action against insects and its extraction residues are used to manufacture insect repellent candles, mainly against Anopheles, mosquitoes which transmit malaria and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which transmit dengue (Mendonça et al., 2005).

SPECIFICATION:

PRODUCT NAME: Andiroba Seed Oil
INCI: Carapa Guianensis Seed Oil
NOME CIENTÍFICO: Carapa guianensis
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Brazil
PRODUCT CODE: G005 / 5,0 L – G006 / 10,0L
MANUFACTURING METHOD: cold pressed
CAS NUMBER: 223748-14-9 / 352458-32-3
EINCS NUMBER 284-877-7
NCM: 1515.90.40
PACK SIZES: 5,0 L – 10 ,0 L
SECONDARY PACKAGING: cardboard box with 2 x 5 L or 1 x 10 L
STORAGE: keep the container tightly closed, stored in a cool, ventilated place, protected from light. The bottles are only a refill, and the transfer to an amber glass bottle is recommended.
EXPIRY DATE: under normal storage conditions, 24 months after manufacture.

CHEMICAL PHYSICAL DATA – ANDIROBA OIL
CHARACTERISTICS UNIT VALUES
Appearance (25 oC) viscous liquid
Color yellow light
Odor characteristic
Acid value % weight < 30,0
Peroxide value 10 meq 02/kg < 10,0
Iodine value g I2/kg 65 – 75
Saponification value mgKOH/g 190 – 120
Unsaponifiable value % 3 – 5
Density 25 oC g/ml 0,9261
Refractive index (40 oC) 1,4611
Melting temp. oC 22
FATTY ACID COMPOSITION
Palmitic acid (C16:0) % weight 25,0 – 32,0
Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) % weight 0,8 – 1,5
Stearic acid (C18:0) % weight 6.0 – 13,0
Oleic acid (C18:1 – Omega 9) % weight 45,0 – 58,0
Linoleic acid (C18:2 – Omega 6) % weight 6,0 – 14,0
Saturated % 40
Unsaturated % 60

BOTANICAL INFORMATION:

Two species of the family Meliaceae are known in the Amazon as andiroba: Carapa guianensis aubl. and Carapa procera dc (Pennington et al., 1981). This tree is also known by several other popular names, including carape, jandiroba, karapa (in South America) and crabwood (in England). It is a neotropical tree that can reach 30 m in height and grows in southern Central America, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Peru, Paraguay, and the Caribbean islands. In Brazil, it is found from sea level up to 350 m in altitude, throughout the Amazon basin, both in upland forests and in temporarily flooded forest areas, along rivers and streams and close to mangroves. The seeds float and can be dispersed by streams of water. However, in forested areas, most fruits and seeds are found under the mother tree. During the dispersal period, seeds are consumed by rodents, armadillos, forest pigs, pacas (small rodent), deer, coatis, etc. The tree is known as andiroba, originally from nhandi (oil) and rob (bitter), it belongs to the same family as mahogany and cedar and, because it is resistant to insect attacks, it’s highly sought after by sawmills.

An adult tree produces an average of 50 kg of seeds per tree. Using a mechanical press, 4 to 5 kg of seeds are necessary to obtain a litre of oil. Due to its rapid development in the field and the high value of its wood, it is recommended that andiroba be planted in intercropped and agroforestry systems. Monoculture plantations are attacked by Hypsipyla grandella, the main pest of Meliaceae in the Amazon region, which attacks the terminal bud of the tree inhibiting its growth. This has serious consequences when the use of the trees is intended for wood. But andiroba is not as susceptible as mahogany, and even if the branches are attacked, it does not affect its seed productivity.

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SOURCE:

AMBROZIN, ARP et al.: “Limonóides do óleo de andiroba e Cedrela fissilis e sua atividade inseticida”; J. Braz. Chem. Soc. Vol. 17, nº 3, 542-547, 2006. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-50532006000300017

FERRARI, Márcio; OLIVEIRA, Maria SC; NAKANO, Adelino K. e ROCHA-FILHO, Pedro A. Determinação do fator de proteção solar (FPS) in vitro e in vivo de emulsões com óleo de andiroba (Carapa guianensis), Rev. bras. farmacogn. [conectados], vol.17, n.4, pp. 626-630. ISSN 0102-695X, 2007.

HAMMER, ML, et al. “Aproveitando uma infinidade de amazonas: quatro plantas medicinais da ilha de Marajó, Pará (Brasil).” J. Ethnopharmacol, 40 (1): 53-75, Setembro de 1993.

MIOT, HA, et al. “Estudo comparativo da eficácia tópica do óleo de andiroba (Carapa guianensis) e DEET 50% como repelente para Aedes sp.” Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. São Paulo, 46 (5): 253-6, Setembro-Outubro 2004.

MORAIS, LR: Banco de Dados Sobre Espécies Oleaginosas da Amazônia, não publicado.

PENIDO, C. et al. “Efeitos antialérgicos de tetranortriterpenóides naturais isolados de Carapa guianensis Aublet na permeabilidade vascular e hiperalgesia induzidas por alérgenos.” Inflamm. Res. 54 (7): 295-303, 2005.

PENIDO, C. et al.: “Efeitos anti-inflamatórios de tetranortriterpenóides naturais isolados de Carapa guianensis Aublet na artrite induzida por zymosan em camundongos.” Inflamm. Res. 55 (11): 457-64, 2006.

SILVA, O. et al.: “EFEITO LARVICIDAL DO PETRÓLEO DE ANDIROBA, CARAPA GUIANENSIS (MELIACEAE), CONTRA AEDES AEGYPTI”, Jornal da Associação Americana de Controle de Mosquitos Dec 2006: vol. 22, edição 4, páginas 699-70, 2006.

SHANLEY, P. et. al.: Frutíferas e plantas úteis na vida amazônica, CIFOR, IMAZON, Editora Supercores, Belém, p. 300, 2005.

FERREIRA, M. et al.: “Desenvolvimento e avaliação de emulsões do óleo de Carapa guianensis (Andiroba)”; AAPS PharmSciTech, setembro de 2010, volume 11, edição 3, pp. 1383–1390, 2010. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20824515